Friday, July 22, 2011


Cholesterol is a sterol and a lipid found in the cell membranes of all body tissues, and transported in the blood plasma of all animals.

Cholesterol plays a central role in many biochemical processes, but is best known for the association of cardiovascular disease with various lipoprotein cholesterol transport patterns and high levels of cholesterol in the blood.

Throughout the world, blood cholesterol levels vary widely. Generally, people who live in countries where blood cholesterol levels are lower, such as Japan, have lower rates of heart disease. Countries with very high cholesterol levels, such as Finland, also have very high rates of coronary heart disease. However, some populations with similar total cholesterol levels have very different heart disease rates, suggesting that other factors also influence risk for coronary heart disease. But mostly High cholesterol is more common in men younger than 55 years and in women older than 55 years. The risk for high cholesterol increases with age.

There are many statin drugs (available by The choice made by the health care practitioner and patient will depend upon the clinical situation. Examples include:
·                           atorvastatin (Lipitor),
·                           fluvastatin (Lescol),
·                           lovastatin (Mevacor, Altocor),
·                           pravastatin (Pravachol),
·                           simvastatin (Zocor), and
·                           rosuvastatin (Crestor).
Controlling high cholesterol levels is a life-long challenge. Regardless of the method of treatment, routine blood tests may be required to monitor cholesterol, HDL, LDL, and triglyceride levels.